Vegetables and Fruits (vitamin C and Calcium contents)

 

 

These treats are rich in nutrients that are good for the cavy's health, just like they are good for our health.

 

Care must be taken to ensure that the chosen vegetable is not high in calcium. Some cavies are inclined to form bladder stones, so they need to avoid such vegetables.

 

I also try to avoid the "gassy" veggies or serve them only in small amounts.

 

Cavies are suspicious by nature, so you will probably have to offer a new food for several days before the pig will try it. I like to experiment with the new foods by putting a little bit in the animal's mouth so it gets a taste.

Sometimes this will interest the cavy and sometimes it will spit the food out and resist it even more.

 

The following table provides a listing of various fruits and vegetables. This information is taken from the USDA database of foods and is based on a serving of 100grams (about 3.5 ounces). Since calcium can create problems for some cavies, there is also column about the calcium content of each food.

 

Naturally, higher vitamin C and lower calcium levels are good for older pigs. However, high levels of both vitamin C and calcium are good for nursing or pregnant sows and young cavies that are still growing.

An adult cavy needs about 10 miligrams/kilogram (mg/kg) of body weight per day. Pregnant or nursing sows and babies should have approximately double that amount!

 

 

 

 

Vitamin C and Calcium Contents of Vegetables and Fruits Data from United States Department of Agriculture, 1999. Each Nutrient is base on 100 grams of the vegetable and fruit (all are FRESH and RAW) :

 

- Apple (without skin)

Vit C = 4.40 mg  Calcium = 4.40 mg

 

- Apricots

Vit C = 10.00 mg  Calcium = 14.00 mg

 

- Arugula

Vit C = 15.00 mg  Calcium = 160.00 mg

 

- Asparagus

Vit C = 17.69 mg  Calcium = 28.14 mg

 

- Balsam Pear Pod (also called Bitter Gourd)

Vit C = 13.20 mg  Calcium = 21.00 mg

 

- Banana

Vit C = 9.10 mg  Calcium = 6.00 mg

 

- Basil

Vit C = 18.00 mg  Calcium = 154.00 mg

 

- Beans (Snap)

Vit C = 16.30 mg  Calcium = 37.00 mg

 

- Bean Sprouts (Kidney)

Vit C = 38.70 mg  Calcium = 17.00 mg

 

- Bean Sprouts (Mung)

Vit C = 13.20 mg  Calcium = 13.00 mg

 

- Bean Sprouts (Navy)

Vit C = 18.80 mg  Calcium = 15.00 mg

 

- Beet Greens

Vit C = 30.00 mg  Calcium = 119.00 mg

 

- Blackberries

Vit C = 21.00 mg  Calcium = 32.00 mg

 

- Blueberries

Vit C = 13.00 mg  Calcium = 6.00 mg

 

- Borage

Vit C = 35.00 mg  Calcium = 93.00 mg

 

- Broccoli Flowerets

Vit C = 93.20 mg  Calcium = 48.00 mg

 

- Broccoli Stalks

Vit C = 93.20 mg  Calcium = 48.00 mg

 

- Brussels Sprouts

Vit C = 85.00 mg  Calcium = 42.00 mg

 

- Cabbage:

(Domestic) Vit C = 51.00 mg  Calcium = 47.00 mg

(Red) Vit C = 57.00 mg  Calcium = 51.00 mg

(Chinese/Pak-Choi) Vit C = 45.00 mg  Calcium = 105.00 mg

(Savoy) Vit C = 31.00 mg  Calcium = 35.00 mg

(Pe-Tsai) Vit C = 27.00 mg  Calcium = 77.00 mg

 

- Carrots

Vit C = 9.30 mg  Calcium = 27.00 mg

 

- Cauliflower

Vit C = 46.40 mg  Calcium = 22.00 mg

 

- Celery

Vit C = 7.00 mg  Calcium = 40.00 mg

 

- Cherimoya

Vit C = 9.00 mg  Calcium = 23.00 mg

 

- Cherries:

(Acerola/West Indian) Vit C = 1677.60 mg  Calcium = 12.00 mg

(Pitanga/Surinam) Vit C = 26.30 mg  Calcium = 9.00 mg

(Sour) Vit C = 10.00 mg  Calcium = 16.00 mg

(Sweet) Vit C = 7.00 mg  Calcium = 15.00 mg

 

- Chicory Greens

Vit C = 24.00 mg  Calcium = 100.00 mg

 

- Collards

Vit C = 35.30 mg  Calcium = 145.00 mg

 

- Cherimoya

Vit C = 9.00 mg  Calcium = 23.00 mg

 

- Corn (Sweet & Yellow)

Vit C = 6.80 mg  Calcium = 2.00 mg

 

- Cranberries

Vit C = 13.50 mg  Calcium = 7.00 mg

 

- Cress (Garden)

Vit C = 69.00 mg  Calcium = 81.00 mg

 

- Cucumber (with peel)

Vit C = 5.30 mg  Calcium = 14.00 mg

 

- Dandelion Greens

Vit C = 35.00 mg  Calcium = 187.00 mg

 

- Dock

Vit C = 48.00 mg  Calcium = 44.00 mg

 

- Eggplant

Vit C = 1.70 mg  Calcium = 7.00 mg

 

- Elderberries

Vit C = 36.00 mg  Calcium = 38.00 mg

 

- Grapefruit

Vit C = 37.00 mg  Calcium = 15.00 mg

 

- Grape Leaves

Vit C = 11.10 mg  Calcium = 363.00 mg

 

- Groundcherries (also known as Poha, Cape Gooseberries)

Vit C = 11.00 mg  Calcium = 9.00 mg

 

- Guava

Vit C = 183.50 mg  Calcium = 20.00 mg

 

- Kale

Vit C = 120.00 mg  Calcium = 135.00 mg

 

- Kiwi Fruit

Vit C = 98.00 mg  Calcium = 26.00 mg

 

- Kohlrabi

Vit C = 62.00 mg  Calcium = 24.00 mg

 

- Kumquat

Vit C = 37.40 mg  Calcium = 44.00 mg

 

- Leek

Vit C = 12.00 mg  Calcium = 59.00 mg

 

- Lettuces:

(Butterhead, Boston, Bibb) Vit C = 8.00 mg  Calcium = 32.00 mg

(Romaine, Green Leaf) Vit C = 24.00 mg  Calcium = 36.00 mg

(Iceberg, New York) Vit C = 3.90 mg  Calcium = 19.00 mg

 

- Loquat

Vit C = 1.00 mg  Calcium = 16.00 mg

 

- Mammy-Apple

Vit C = 14.00 mg  Calcium = 11.00 mg

 

- Mandarin Orange (also known as Tangerine)

Vit C = 30.80 mg  Calcium = 14.00 mg

 

- Mango

Vit C = 27.70 mg  Calcium = 10.00 mg

 

- Melons:

(Cantaloupe) Vit C = 42.20 mg  Calcium = 11.00 mg

(Casaba) Vit C = 16.00 mg  Calcium = 5.00 mg

(Honeydew) Vit C = 24.80 mg  Calcium = 6.00 mg

(Watermelon) Vit C = 9.60 mg  Calcium = 8.00 mg

 

- Mustard Greens

Vit C = 70.00 mg  Calcium = 103.00 mg

 

- Necratine

Vit C = 5.40 mg  Calcium = 5.00 mg

 

- Okra

Vit C = 21.10 mg  Calcium = 81.00 mg

 

- Onion

Vit C = 6.40 mg  Calcium = 20.00 mg

 

- Onion (Spring Tops & Bulb)

Vit C = 18.80 mg  Calcium = 72.00 mg

 

- Orange

Vit C = 53.20 mg  Calcium = 40.00 mg

 

- Papaya

Vit C = 133.00 mg  Calcium = 138.00 mg

 

- Parsnip

Vit C = 17.00 mg  Calcium = 36.00 mg

 

- Passion Fruit (Purple)

Vit C = 30.00 mg  Calcium = 12.00 mg

 

- Peach

Vit C = 6.60 mg  Calcium = 5.00 mg

 

- Peas (Green)

Vit C = 40.00 mg  Calcium = 25.00 mg

 

- Pea Pods

Vit C = 60.00 mg  Calcium = 43.00 mg

 

- Pears:

(Asian) Vit C = 3.80 mg  Calcium = 4.00 mg

(European) Vit C = 6.60 mg  Calcium = 18.15 mg

 

- Peppers:

(Green Bell Sweet) Vit C = 18.30 mg  Calcium = 9.00 mg

(Red Bell Sweet) Vit C = 190.00 mg  Calcium = 9.00 mg

(Yellow) Vit C = 183.50 mg  Calcium = 11.00 mg

 

- Persimmon

Vit C = 66.00 mg  Calcium = 27.00 mg

 

- Pineapple

Vit C = 15.40 mg  Calcium = 7.00 mg

 

- Plantain

Vit C = 18.40 mg  Calcium = 3.00 mg

 

- Plum

Vit C = 9.50 mg  Calcium = 4.00 mg

 

- Pomegranate

Vit C = 6.10 mg  Calcium = 3.00 mg

 

- Pea Pods

Vit C = 19.70 mg  Calcium = 7.00 mg

 

- Pumpkin Leaves

Vit C = 11.00 mg  Calcium = 39.00 mg

 

- Quince

Vit C = 15.00 mg  Calcium = 11.00 mg

 

- Rasberries

Vit C = 25.00 mg  Calcium = 22.00 mg

 

- Rhubarb

Vit C = 8.00 mg  Calcium = 86.00 mg

 

- Spinach

Vit C = 28.10 mg  Calcium = 99.00 mg

 

- Spinach (Mustard)

Vit C = 130.00 mg  Calcium = 210.00 mg

 

- Spinach (Summer)

Vit C = 60.00 mg  Calcium = 43.00 mg

 

- Strawberries

Vit C = 56.70 mg  Calcium = 14.00 mg

 

- Swiss Chard

Vit C = 30.00 mg  Calcium = 51.00 mg

 

- Taro Leaves

Vit C = 52.00 mg  Calcium = 107.00 mg

 

- Tomato (Red)

Vit C = 19.10 mg  Calcium = 5.00 mg

 

- Turnip Greens

Vit C = 60.00 mg  Calcium = 190.00 mg

 

- Watercress

Vit C = 43.00 mg  Calcium = 120.00 mg

 

- Witloof

Vit C = 2.80 mg  Calcium = 19.00 mg

 

 

 

Never feed them Potatoes! although there has been some confusion about whether they are or aren't poisonous to guinea pigs. To be on the safe side, I would suggest not feeding your guinea pig!

 

 

Fruit is not high on the list of treats for guinea pigs. Fruits are usually full of sugars, which cavies don't need. The sugars can get into cecum, where the fermentation process will work in overdrive, and cause digestive system upsets.

 

As a results, I tend to give small amounts of fruit, if at all. The cavy's mouth has very sensitive skin and too much acid from fruits or tomatoes can cause small sores to form!

 

Please visit the USDA website below and check out the nutrients found in various vegetables and fruits. Since this information is based on human consumption!

http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp/data/