Breeds & Varieties


People all over the world enjoy raising and exhibiting purebred cavies. There are many different breeds, with no single international standard governing them. Some of the biggest differences in the hobby are found between the United Kingdom and North America.

Every country where cavy fanciers are found has its own clubs and associations. Some only recognize a few breeds, while other recognize as many as possible, focusing on the promotion of rare and new breeds. There are also specialized clubs for individual breeds.

Each recognize breed has a “standard of perfection.” This is a list of qualities that the best representatives of the breed possess, and the cavies are judged against this. A point scale is also included that the judge uses as a guideline. Different qualities hold different values depending on the breed being judge.

For example, for some breeds the emphasis is on color and markings, while for others it is coat length and texture that counts. Despite the vast differences between al the breeds, there are certain traits that are desireable for all cavies


Download the links below to see the different shape and hair for each guinea pig breeds!



Marked: Base color (usually white) with patterns of a different color on the base color

Agouti: “Wild-type” coloration, found also in wild cavies. The hair has various bands of color along the shaft (usually shades of buff, golden brown, red, brown, dark brown, black) to give a stippled or peppered appearance to the hair (useful for camouflage in the wild). The overall coat has a “ticked” appearance. Agouti colors include dilute, golden, and silver

Self: Uniform, unspotted color, no marking and no pattern. Colors include beige, black, chocolate, cream, lilac, red, red-eye orange, and white

Solid: Uniform or mixed color, no marking, no pattern. Colors include brindle, dilute solid, golden solid, roan, and silver solid



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